News ID: 274331
Published: 1040 GMT September 18, 2020

Simple coronavirus test gives results in 90 minutes

Simple coronavirus test gives results in 90 minutes
IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON/PA

A rapid test can accurately diagnose a coronavirus infection within 90 minutes without needing a specialist laboratory, said scientists.

The study by Imperial College London showed the "lab-on-a-chip" gave comparable results to current tests, BBC reported.

The device is already being used in eight National Health Service (NHS) hospitals to quickly identify patients who are carrying the virus.

However, experts warn that the kit will not be a solution to the beleaguered Test and Trace program.

The device, developed by the company DnaNudge, can be used by anyone capable of taking a swab of the nose or throat.

The swab is placed inside a disposable blue cartridge which contains the chemicals needed for the test.

This in turn is slotted into a shoebox-sized machine to perform the analysis.

The study, published in the Lancet Microbe, compared results when samples from 386 people were given both the DnaNudge and standard laboratory tests.

"The performance was comparable, which is very reassuring when you're trying to bring in a new technology," said Professor Graham Cooke, from Imperial College London.

"Many tests involve a trade-off between speed and accuracy, but this test manages to achieve both."

If the lab tests said the patient was free of the virus, so did the rapid test. If the lab tests said the patient had the virus, the rapid test agreed 94 percent of the time.

The UK has already ordered 5,000 of the Nudgebox machines and 5.8 million of the disposable cartridges.

However, there is a major drawback as each box can handle only one test at a time. So during a day, one box could perform around 16 tests.

Cooke said: "They are useful in clinical settings when you are trying to make a rapid decision."

He described a patient last week who was rapidly identified as having COVID-19 and started on the drugs dexamethasone and remdesivir.

The tests could become even more useful for hospitals in the future as it is theoretically possible to test for coronavirus, flu and respiratory syncytial virus (a major reason young children are admitted to hospital) at the same time.

However, the capacity issue means the test cannot solve the problems with NHS Test and Trace or help with Operation Moonshot and the plans for 10 million tests per day.

Testing 60,000 people at a stadium ahead of a football match would require 60,000 boxes, but it may be useful at smaller venues.

Professor Lawrence Young, who was not part of the research and from the University of Warwick, said the technology was "innovative".

He added: "The COVID Nudge test could have an important role where near-patient, real-time decision-making is necessary, such as screening patients for admission to hospital or for surgery.

"[However,] this is not the answer to universal mass testing."

   
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